Accessibility in parking lots are often overlooked when being prioritized for complying with the American with Disabilities Act (ADA). Many facilities want to provide an abundant amount of available parking spaces for their customers, but this plan to guarantee customer satisfaction may result in the facility being non-compliant and creating a potential financial liability. With the focus being on quantity rather than quality, an easy mistake of not creating an accessible parking space available for those who are disabled can go from being unnoticed to problematic. So, to prevent business owners from making that mistake or to fix a mistake, I summarized four parking lot requirements that may seem insignificant but ensures that facilities are compliant.
Disclaimer: These requirements are based on the California Building Codes (CBC). To find out what the requirements for your state is, please visit buildingsguide.com
11B-208.2 Where more than one parking facility is provided on a site, the number of accessible spaces provided on the site shall be calculated according to the number of spaces required for each parking facility. (specific facilities are exempt)
Total Number of Parking Spaces Minimum Number of Required Provided in Parking Facility accessible Parking Spaces
1 to 25 1 26 to 50 2 51 to 75 3 76 to 100 4 101 to 150 5 151 to 200 6 201 to 300 7 301 to 400 8 401 to 500 9 501 to 1000 2 % of total
1001 and over 20, plus 1 for each 100 or fraction thereof,
Every parking facility must have at least ONE accessible parking space which is located to the closest accessible entrance.
11B-502.2 Car and van parking spaces shall be 216 inches long minimum. Car parking spaces shall be 108 inches wide minimum and van parking spaces shall be 144 inches wide minimum, shall be marked to define the width, and shall have an adjacent access aisle complying with 11B-502.3 (Access Aisle).
502.2 Car parking spaces shall be 96 inches wide minimum and van parking spaces shall be 132 inches wide minimum, shall be marked to define the width, and shall have an adjacent access aisle complying with 502.3 (Access Aisle)
11B-502.3 Access aisles shall adjoin an accessible route. Two parking spaces shall be permitted to share a common access aisle. Access aisles must extend the full required length of the parking space.
EXCEPTION: Van parking spaces shall be permitted to be 108 inches wide minimum where the access aisle is 96 inches wide minimum. EXCEPTION: Van parking spaces shall be permitted to be 96 inches wide minimum where the access aisle is 96 inches wide minimum.
11B-502.3.3 Access aisles shall be marked with a blue painted borderline around their perimeter. The area within the blue borderlines shall be marked with hatched lines a maximum of 36 inches on center in a color contrasting with that of the aisle surface, preferably blue or white. The words "NO PARKING" shall be painted on the surface within each access aisle in white letters a minimum of 12 inches in height and located to be visible from the adjacent vehicular way. Access aisle markings may extend beyond the minimum required length.
11B-502.6 Parking space identification signs shall include the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 11B-703.7.2.1 (International Symbol of Accessibility) in white on a blue background. Signs identifying van parking spaces shall contain additional language or an additional sign with the designation “van accessible.” Signs shall be 60 inches minimum above the finish floor or ground surface measured to the bottom of the sign.
502.6 Parking space identification signs shall include the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1 (International Symbol of Accessibility). Signs identifying van parking spaces shall contain the designation "van accessible." Signs shall be 60 inches minimum above the finish floor or ground surface measured to the bottom of the sign.
EXCEPTION: Signs located within a circulation path shall be a minimum of 80 inches above the finish floor or ground surface measured to the bottom of the sign.
11B-502.6.1 Parking identification signs shall be reflectorized with a minimum area of 70 square inches.
11B-502.6.3 A parking space identification sign shall be visible from each parking space. Signs shall be permanently posted either immediately adjacent to the parking space or within the projected parking space width at the head end of the parking space. Signs may also be permanently posted on a wall at the interior end of the parking space.
11B-502.8.1 The additional sign shall not be less than 17 inches wide by 22 inches high.
11B-502.8.2 The additional sign shall clearly state in letters with a minimum height of 1 inch the following:
"Unauthorized vehicles parked in designated accessible spaces not displaying distinguishing placards or special license plates issued for persons with disabilities will be towed away at the owner’s expense. Towed vehicles may be reclaimed at _________________________ or by telephoning _______________________." Blank spaces shall be filled in with appropriate information as a permanent part of the sign
So there you have it, the four topics in Parking Lot requirements that business owners may be overlooking in their facilities. Though following these requirements will benefit and prevent business owners from that potential financial liability, it will also create the proper, accessible parking space for everyone.
See you next time!
Ryah Letim, Architectural Intern
To find out more, please visit: